This is new term recently used to indicate people who seem to have a brain that works differently from others. The most common types of neurodiversity include autism, ADHD and dyslexia.
Usually people receive a formal diagnosis during their school years, and very little is known about how these differences in the way the brain works affect human development. Having worked in education for years, I have come to recognise how these neurodiversities can have big negative impact on the life of people, and they can remain undiagnosed until adulthood.
This is particularly true for people who are on the autistic spectrum. I encounter an increasing amount of people coming to see me for an anxiety problem, to find out that their anxiety and their way to live life, feel their feelings and relate to other people is deeply shaped by their diversity. In these cases, traditional psychotherapies that invite people to share their emotions with others might not be appropriate and it is necessary to modify the therapeutic approach to meet the needs of a non-standard neural system.